Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.19(2) > 1089440

Song, Chae, Jang, Park, Lee, Lee, Jang, Jeon, and Jung: The Relationship between Life Style, Menstrual Attitude and Premenstrual Syndrome in Nursing Students



The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships between life style, menstrual attitude and premenstrual syndrome in nursing students.


The study participants were 246 nursing students of a university in Gyeunggi province. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire from May to June, 2012. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test.


Students who had undesirable alcohol habits (r=.15, p=.020) and negative menstrual attitude (r=.17, p=.009) experienced more a severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Students with dysmenorrhea had more severe PMS (F=12.41, p<.001) and a negative menstrual attitude (F=6.18, p<.001).


These finding suggest that PMS would be alleviated by nursing interventions to improve alcohol habits and decrease negative menstrual attitudes, and nursing interventions for dysmenorrhea would be helpful in PMS management in nursing students. Further studies on the development of nursing interventions related to these factors are needed for PMS management.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General and Menstruation related Characteristics (N=246)

BMI=body mass index.

Valid percent.

Table 2
Life Style, Menstrual Attitude, and Premenstrual Syndrome (N=246)
Table 3
Life Style, Menstrual Attitude and Premenstrual Syndrome according to General and Menstruation related Characteristics (N=246)

BMI=body mass index; PMS=premenstrual syndrome.

Scheffe test.

Table 4
Correlations between Life Style, Menstrual Attitude, and Premenstrual Syndrome (N=246)

PMS=premenstrual syndrome; PMS1=autonomic reaction; PMS2=water retention; PMS3=pain; PMS4=gastrointestinal change; PMS5=behavioral change; PMS6=concentration; PMS7=negative affection.


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