Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.47(6) > 1081363

J Nutr Health. 2014 Dec;47(6):435-442. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2014.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2014.47.6.435
© 2014 The Korean Nutrition Society
Development of a fatty acids database using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data
Mi Ock Yoon,1,** Kirang Kim,1,** Ji-Yun Hwang,2 Hyun Sook Lee,3 Tae Young Son,1 Hyun-Kyung Moon,1 and Jae Eun Shim4
1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Dankook University, Gyeonggido 448-701, Korea.
2Nutrition Education Major, Graduate School of Education, Sangmyung University, Seoul 110-743, Korea.
3Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Dongseo University, Busan 617-716, Korea.
4Department of Food and Nutrition, Daejeon University, Daejeon 300-716, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-42-280-2469, (Email: jshim@dju.kr )

**These two authors contributed to this work equally.

Received November 14, 2014; Revised December 02, 2014; Accepted December 05, 2014.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this study was to develop a fatty acid database (DB) for estimation of intake levels of fatty acids in the Korean population, using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES).

Methods

Analytical values of fatty acids in foods were collected from food composition tables of national institutions (National Fisheries Research & Development Institute, Rural Development Administration), Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, US Department of Agriculture, and journal articles that previously reported analytical fatty acid content of some Korean foods. The coverage of fatty acids was C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C18:1, C18:2 n-6, C18:3 n-3, C20:5 n-3 (EPA), C22:6 n-3 (DHA), SFA, MUFA, and PUFA (n-3, n-6, n-9). The fatty acids DB covered a total of 5,144 food items used in the KNHANES nutrition survey. The food items were preferentially filled with analytical values of the collected data source. An analytical value for each food item was selected based on the priority criteria and the quality evaluation of data sources. Missing values were replaced with calculated or imputed values using the analytical values of similar food items from the data source.

Results

A total of 1,545 analytical values, 2,589 calculated values, and 1,010 imputed values were included in the fatty acid DB. The developed fatty acid DB was applied to 2,112 food items available for 2011 KNHANES data. Mean intake levels of total fatty acids and saturated fatty acids were 40.3 g/day and 13.2 g/day, respectively. The estimation of total fatty acid intake was 84.3% (men 83.2%, women 86.0%) of daily total fat intake.

Conclusion

This newly developed fatty acid DB would be helpful in determining the association of fatty acids intake and related health concerns in the Korean population.

Keywords: fatty acid database; nutrition survey; KNHANES

Figures


Fig. 1
Overall flow of development of fatty acid database.

1) National Fisheries Research & Development Institute, Fatty Acid Composition of Fisheries Products in Korea, 2012. 2) Rural Development Administration. Tables of Food Functional Composition, Fatty Acid, 2010. 3) Rural Development Administration. Tables of Food Composition, 2006. 4) USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 25, 2012. 5) Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan, fifth revised and enlarged edition – fatty acids sections, 2005.

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Tables


Table 1
Quality characteristics of data sources
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Table 2
Data sources of fatty acid database
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Table 3
Estimation of fatty acid intakes in subjects aged 19 years or more using the KHANES V-2 (2011)
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Notes

This work was supported by Research Program funded by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013E3501200).

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