Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.46(5) > 1081312

J Nutr Health. 2013 Oct;46(5):461-469. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2013.
© 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society
A study on body awareness and dietary life of adults who perform regular exercise
Minjeong Ju,1 Yoonjin Shin,2 and Yangha Kim2
1Department of Clinical Nutrition, Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea.
2Department of Nutritional Sciences and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: )
Received July 09, 2013; Revised July 22, 2013; Accepted September 27, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study was conducted in order to investigate body awareness and dietary life according to gender. Subjects of the study were 120 men and 127 women aged 20 to 30 years, who exercise regularly at a fitness center in Seoul. The subjects were asked to fill out a questionnaire on body awareness, reason for regular exercise, dietary behaviors, and nutrition knowledge. The percentage of overweight and obesity was 69.2% in men, and 25.2% in women. The percentage of subjects who considered themselves as overweight was 38.3% in men and 59.8% in women. Intake of protein in men was higher than the recommended nutrient intake (RNI). Intake of energy in women was lower than the estimated energy requirement (EER). Men who considered themselves as overweight showed lower energy intake than men who considered their body weight as under and normal, whereas no difference in energy intake was observed between women who considered themselves as overweight and women who considered their body weight as under and normal.

Keywords: nutrient intake; regular exercise; body awareness; body weight; adult


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Body awareness and difference between current body weight and desired body weight according to gender
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Table 3
Reasons for regular exercise according to gender
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Table 4
Percentage of correct answer for nutrition knowledge according to gender
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Table 5
Eating behaviors according to gender
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Table 6
Percentage of energy and nutrient intakes for 2010 KDRI according to gender
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Table 7
Energy and macronutrient intake according to body awareness
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