Journal List > Korean J Adult Nurs > v.29(2) > 1076443

Lee: Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation across the Life Cycle among Korean Adults: Korean Psycho-social Anxiety Survey

Abstract

Purpose

To identify the risk factors for suicidal ideation across the life cycle among Korean adults using data from 2015 Korean Psycho-social Anxiety Survey.

Methods

The data were statistically analyzed using hierarchical logistic regression analysis.

Results

The factors associated with suicidal ideation among the young adult group were education level (odds ratio [OR] 1.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05~2.49), self-esteem (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.12~1.27), stress (OR 3.26, 95% CI 2.07~5.15), anger control problems (OR 3.58, 95% CI 2.34~5.50), and depression (OR 2.59, 95% CI 1.66~4.04) whereas among the middle-aged adults the factors were education level (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.12~2.23), existence of a spouse (OR 2.55, 95% CI 1.72~3.78), self-esteem(OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.08~1.18), stress (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.81~3.33), anger control problems (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.22~2.36), and depression (OR 2.64, 95% CI 1.91~3.64). Among the older adult group the findings were the existence of a spouse (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.37~3.39), self-esteem(OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.13~1.32), stress (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.38~3.54), anxiety (OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.46~4.02), and depression (OR 2.48, 95% CI 1.30~4.72).

Conclusion

The findings suggest that there may be a need for different suicide intervention programs to decrease suicidal ideation across the life cycle.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Comparison of Characteristics across the Life Cycle among Korean Adults (N=7,000)

kjan-29-109-i001

*Scheffé test.

Table 2

Logistic Regression Models for Suicidal Ideation across Life Cycle (N=7,000)

kjan-29-109-i002

OR=odds ratio; CI=confidence interval; Ref=reference; *p<.05, **p<.01, ***p<.001.

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