Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.23(1) > 1058013

Lee and Han: Effect of Spiritual Well-being on Mental Health in Nursing Students



The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between spiritual well-being and mental health and to examine the effect of spiritual well-being on mental health in nursing students.


Between October 2011 and November 2012 nursing students (n=193) in 2 universities in 2 cities completed measures of spiritual well-being and mental health. Data were collected using questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with the SPSS/Win 20.0 program.


All variables correlated significantly with each other in the positive direction: mental health was correlated with existential well-being (r=.72) and religious spiritual well-being (r=.23). The factor influencing mental health was existential well-being (β=.70, p<.001). Existential well-being explained 51.0% of nursing students' mental health.


The results of the study indicate that spiritual well-being of nursing students is related to mental health. Especially, existential well-being has a major effect on mental health in nursing students. Therefore, it is necessary to develop strategies which strengthen existential well-being in order to improve perspective nursing students.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics (N=193)
Table 2
Mean Scores for Spiritual Well-Being and Mental Health
Table 3
Differences in Variables according to General Characteristics (N=193)

a,b,c,dScheffé test (same letter means significantly difference).

Table 4
Correlations between Spiritual Well-Being and Mental Health (N=193)
Table 5
Influencing Factors on Mental Health (N=193)


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