Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.21(3) > 1057942

Jung and Cho Chung: Effects of Self-esteem, Emotional Intelligence and Social Support on College Adjustment in First Year Nursing College Students



The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-esteem, emotional intelligence and social support on college adjustment in first year students in nursing.


The participants were 270 first year nursing college students. Data were collected from September 5 to 12, 2011 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS 18.0.


A positive correlation was found between college adjustment and self-esteem as well as emotional intelligence. The strongest predictor of college adjustment was satisfaction with nursing as a major. In addition, self-esteem, emotional intelligence, age, club membership, frequency of contact with faculty, and satisfaction with school life accounted for 57% of variance in college adjustment.


The results of this study suggest that programs promoting satisfaction with nursing major and appropriate counseling and academic guidance for nursing students are important for college adjustment in college nursing students.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants (N=270)
Table 2
Degrees of Self-esteem, Emotional Intelligence, Social Support and College Adjustment (N=270)
Table 3
College Adjustment according to General Characteristics (N=270)
Table 4
Correlations of Self-esteem, Emotional Intelligence, Social Support and College Adjustment (N=270)
Table 5
Influencing Factors on College adjustment (N=270)

Dummy variables (club member: yes=0; no=d1); Dummy variables (frequency of contacts with faculty; none=0; once=d1; twice=d2; over three times=d3); §Dummy variables (satisfaction with school life; dissatisfied=0; moderately satisfied=d1; satisfied=d2); Dummy variables (satisfaction with nursing major: dissatisfied=0; moderately satisfied=d1; satisfied=d2).


1. Ahn JY, Lim HK. College adjustment of female students. J Korean Living Sci Assoc. 2005. 14:233–239.
2. Baker RW, Siryk B. Measuring adjustment to college. J Couns Psychol. 1984. 46:877–891.
3. Chung AR, Yoo SH, Ryu NA. Influence of career barriers and career decision-making self-efficacy on college adjustment of junior college students. Korean J Youth Stud. 2011. 18:535–558.
4. Chung MS. The relations of self-esteem, practical performance, and practical satisfaction in nursing students. J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2009. 18:60–69.
5. Elias H, Mahyuddin R, Noordin N. Academic adjustment among second year students in Malaysian universities. Int J Interdiscip Soc Sci. 2007. 4:237–252.
6. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang AG, Buchner A. G*power 3: A flexbile statistical power analysis program for the social behavioral, and biomed science. Behav Res Methods. 2007. 39:175–191.
7. Friedlander LJ, Reid GJ, Shupak N, Cribbie R. Social support, self-esteem and stress as predictors of adjustment to university among first-year undergraduates. J Coll Stud Dev. 2007. 46:223–236.
8. Han JH, Yoo TY. The effects of leader's emotional intelligence on subordinate's attitude and leader's task performance. Korean J Ind Organ Psychol. 2005. 18:177–199.
9. Hyun JW. The effect of perfectionism and evaluative threat on the performance of ask. 1992. Seoul: Yonsei University;Unpublished master's thesis.
10. Jeon BJ. Self-esteem: A test of it's measurability. Yonsei Nonchong. 1974. 11:107–124.
11. Kim HK, Han SM. The effects of health of home environment on emotional intelligence, and happiness of college students. J Educ Cult. 2011. 17(1):121–161.
12. Kim HS. A study on participation in dance and adaptation to university life. Korean J Dance. 2003. 36:5–19.
13. Kim KH. An analysis of the factors affecting local university students' halting their academic studies and satisfaction with their campus life. J Korea Contents Assoc. 2011. 11:378–387.
14. Kim KH, Kim KH. Effects of a self-esteem promotion program on self-esteem and meaning of life among female freshmen. J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2009. 18:431–438.
15. Kim SK. Life stress in freshman and adjustment to college. Korean J Youth Stud. 2003. 10:215–237.
16. Kim YH, Kim BC. An analysis of factors related to technical junior college students' adaptation to their college lives. J Vocat Educ Res. 2003. 22(3):21–42.
17. Law KS, Wong C, Song LJ. The construct and criterion validity of emotional intelligence and its potential utility for management studies. J Appl Psychol. 2004. 89:483–496.
18. Lee EH, Kang SH. A study on the difference of Learning conditions and the need of study skills training based on satisfaction in their major. Korean J Youth Stud. 2009. 16:117–143.
19. Lee HY. Parenting behavior and adjustment to college:Moderating effect of cultural dispositions. J North-East Asian Cult. 2008. 14:337–355.
20. Lee YM, Jung MH, Arakida N. The influence of demographic factors and drinking on the campus life adaptation of university students. J Korean Soc Living Environ Syst. 2008. 15:250–256.
21. Park BN, Park JS, Lee JR. Factors affecting adaptation to school life among nursing junior college freshmen. J Korean Soc Health Inf Health Stat. 2009. 34:153–164.
22. Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self-image. 1965. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
23. Shin EJ. Emotional intelligence, ego-resilience, stress in clinical practice of nursing students. 2012. Daegu: Keimyung University;Unpublished master's thesis.
24. Shin JS, Lee YB. The effects of social supports on psychosocial well-being of the unemployed. Korean J Soc Welf. 1999. 37:241–269.
25. Song JA, Jang JS. A research about the mediating effects of interpersonal relations for a correlation between community college student' adjustment to college and family functions. Korean J Fam Welf. 2010. 15(1):119–144.
26. Sung MH. The relationships between peer attachment, self-esteem and adjustment to college life in female college students. J Korean Acad Public Health Nurs. 2008. 22:84–96.
27. Toews ML, Yazedjian A. College adjustment among freshmen. Coll Stud J. 2007. 41:891–900.
28. Yang WB. The relationships degree of participation in sports club and college life adaptation of prospective teacher at elementary. J Sport Leis Stud. 2008. 33:1145–1155.
29. Yoon HS, Hwang YM, Kim DB, Jang SH. The effects self-differentiation stress coping methods and mental health on life adjustment in university. J Korean Educ Forum. 2011. 10(2):1–25.
30. Zimet GD, Dahlem NW, Zimet SG, Parley GK. The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. J Pers Assess. 1988. 52:30–41.
Similar articles