Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.17(4) > 1051613

Park, Jang, and Choi: Affecting Factors of Nurses' Burnout in Secondary General Hospitals



This study was conducted to identify factors affecting nurses' burnout in secondary general hospitals.


Data were collected through structured questionnaires from 241 nurses working at the secondary general hospitals with below 400 beds in the P, C, and S city between April and May, 2009. Data analysis was done with independent t test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise multiple regression with SPSS WIN v 17.0.


Burnout was significantly different according to religion, age, clinical experiences, and shift work. Burnout score of the subjects was 58/100. Burnout of the subjects were positively correlated with job stress and negatively correlated with hardness, self efficiency, self esteem, spiritual wellbeing, social support, and job satisfaction. The explained variances for burnout was 51.8% and factors affecting nurses' burnout in secondary general hospitals were job stress, hardness, self efficiency, job satisfaction and shift work.


These results showed the significant factors fo nurses' burnout in secondary general hospitals. These findings can be utilized to development of strategies for reducing job stress and enhancing hardness, self efficiency and job satisfaction.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics of Subjects (N=241)

BSN = Bachelorof Science in Nursing

Table 2
Mean of Psycho-Personality, Occupational Characteristics and Burnout (N=241)
Table 3
Psycho-personality, Occupational characteristics and Burnout by General characteristics (N=241)

BSN = Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Table 4
Correlation between the Psycho-Personality, Occupational Characteristics and Burnout (N=241)

*p<.05, **p<.01, ***p<.001

Table 5
Factors Affecting Burnout in Participants (N=241)

*Dummy Coded: Shift work: 3 Shift=1, Fixed=0


1. Byun DS, Yom YH. Factors affecting the burnout of clinical nurses: focused on emotional labor. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2009. 15(3):444–454.
2. Caeson VB. Spiritual dimensions of nursing practice. 1989. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders Company.
3. Chang KB. The relation between the perceived social support, self-efficacy and the nurse offices's burnout. 2003. Seoul: Catholic University;Unpublished master's thesis.
4. Choi HJ. Comparison of health conditions, sleeping condition, job satisfaction, burn-out and commitment to organization job between nurses working only during day and those working in shift. 2008. Seoul: Kyunghee University;Unpublished master's thesis.
5. Choi KJ. Factors that affect burnout of nurses. 2007. Seoul: Kyunghee University;Unpublished master's thesis.
6. Ham MY. A study on relationship of work stress, hardiness, and burnout among nurses. 1997. Seoul: Chunang University;Unpublished master's thesis.
7. Hong HJ. Factors affecting burnout of staffs in emergency medical service. 2011. Busan: Inje Univeristy;Unpublished master's thesis.
8. June KJ, Byun SW. Nurse's burnout research throughout the past 10 years in Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2009. 15(3):305–313.
9. Karasek RA, Theorell T. Healthy work: stress, productivity and the reconstruction of working life. 1990. New York: Basic Books.
10. Kim HK, Ji HS, Ryu EK, Lee HJ, Yun SE, Jeon MK, et al. Factors influencing on burnout of the nurses in hospitals. Clin Nurs Res. 2005. 10(2):7–18.
11. Kim IS. The role of self-efficacy and social support in the relationship between emotional labor and burn out, turn over intention among hospital nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2009. 15(4):515–526.
12. Kim JH. Relationship between spiritual well-being and attitudes toward death in volunteers for hospice care. 2007. Busan: Kosin University;Unpublished master's thesis.
13. Kim MJ. Relationship among spiritual well-being, work stress and burnout of nurses in oncology unit. 2006. Busan: Kosin University;Unpublished master's thesis.
14. Kim MJ, Gu MO. The development of the stress measurement tool for staff nurses working in the hospital. J Nurs Acad Soc. 1984. 14(2):28–37.
15. Kim YO. A study of factors predicting burnout in hospital staff nurses. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs. 2002. 14(4):591–601.
16. Kobasa SC, Maddi SR, Kahn S. Hardiness and health : a prospective study. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1982. 42(1):168–177.
17. Lim DS, Cho BH. The study on stress, hardiness, and professional burnout of intensive care unit nurses. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs. 2007. 14(1):120–127.
18. Maslach C, Schaufeli W. Historical and conceptual development of burnout. 1993. Washington, D. C.: Taylor & Frances.
19. Medical Service Law, an enforcement ordinance. 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2011. from
20. Noh WJ, Song MS, Kim KN, Yoem OB, Han YH, Park SH, et al. Survey on disposition of hospital nurses 2010. 2011. Seoul: Korea Hospital Nurse Association.
21. Park CS. Factors influencing on burnout experience in working nurses at hospital. Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2002. 8(4):550–558.
22. Park HS, Kim KN. Factors affecting burnout in ICU nurses. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs. 2010. 17(3):409–418.
23. Peek EH. A study of the correlation between burnout and job satisfaction levels among nurses. 1983. Seoul: Yonsei University;Unpublished master's thesis.
24. Pollock SE. The stress response. CCQ. 1984. 6(4):1–11.
25. Shin MH, Shin SR. Predictors of burnout among oncology nurses. J Korean Oncol Nurs. 2003. 3(1):75–84.
26. Suh YO. Structural model of health-promoting lifestyle in midlife women. 1995. Seoul: Kyunghee University;Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
27. Tak YR, Kang KA, Kim JH, Kim TK, Kim HO, Song JH, et al. Introduction for statistics for nurse. 2009. Seoul: Fornurse.
28. Yang YE. Relationship among spiritual well-being, spiritual need and burnout of nurses. 2009. Seoul: Catholic University;Unpublished master's thesis.
29. Yoo SJ, Choi YH. Predictive factors influencing turnover intention of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals in Daegu city. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2009. 15(1):16–25.
30. Yu HS. A study on self-esteem and turnover intention of new nurses. 2008. Seoul: Ewha Womans University;Unpublished master's thesis.
Similar articles