Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.16(4) > 1051560

Yang: Critical Thinking Disposition and Problem Solving Ability in Nursing Students

Abstract

Purpose

This study was done to identify the relationship between critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability in nursing students, thereby providing basic data for nursing education.

Method

A convenience sample was drawn from 161 nursing students. Data were collected from June 2008 to October 2008. Instruments used in the study were the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) developed by Facione & Facione (1992) and the Problem Solving Inventory (PSI) developed by Heppner & Petersen (1982). The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS 12.0.

Results

The total mean score for CCTDI was 278.41 and PSI was 119.23. For general characteristics, there were statistically significant differences in CCTDI according to satisfaction with nursing majors (F=6.29, p=.00) and PSI according to academic achievement (F=3.45, p=.02) and marital status (t=2.43, p=.02). A statistically significant negative correlation was found between CCTDI and PSI. Critical thinking self-confidence, Analyticity and Inquisitiveness were significant predictors of PSI.

Conclusion

The findings of this study indicate that critical thinking disposition influences problem solving ability. Therefore, the findings provide significant basic data for nursing education and nursing practice.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General characteristics (N=161)
jkana-16-389-i001
Table 2
Level of critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability (N=161)
jkana-16-389-i002
Table 3
Critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability according to general characteristics (N=161)
jkana-16-389-i003

*p<.05

Table 4
Correlations between critical thinking and problem solving ability (N=161)
jkana-16-389-i004

*P<.05, **P<.01

Table 5
Predictors of problem solving ability (N=161)
jkana-16-389-i005

P<.05

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