Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.43(1) > 1002933

Lee, Kim, Kim, Chae, and Cho: Measurement Properties of Self-report Questionnaires Published in Korean Nursing Journals



The purpose of this study was to evaluate measurement properties of self-report questionnaires for studies published in Korean nursing journals.


Of 424 Korean nursing articles initially identified, 168 articles met the inclusion criteria. The methodological quality of the measurements used in the studies and interpretability were assessed using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist. It consists of items on internal consistency, reliability, measurement error, content validity, construct validity including structural validity, hypothesis testing, cross-cultural validity, and criterion validity, and responsiveness. For each item of the COSMIN checklist, measurement properties are rated on a four-point scale: excellent, good, fair, and poor. Each measurement property is scored with worst score counts.


All articles used the classical test theory for measurement properties. Internal consistency (72.6%), construct validity (56.5%), and content validity (38.2%) were most frequently reported properties being rated as 'excellent' by COSMIN checklist, whereas other measurement properties were rarely reported.


A systematic review of measurement properties including interpretability of most instruments warrants further research and nursing-focused checklists assessing measurement properties should be developed to facilitate intervention outcomes across Korean studies.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Flowchart for the selected studies.
Figure 2
Frequency of methodological studies by year.
Table 1
General Characteristics of Selected Studies (N = 168)
Table 2
Overall Methodological Quality of Measurement Properties (N = 168)

In all selected articles measurement properties were evaluated based on CTT (Classical Test Theory).

*123 articles measured content validity; 45 articles measured cross cultural validity; Measurement property was not conducted on the study.

Table 3
Interpretability (N = 168)

*Measurement property was not conducted on the study.


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Appendix 1

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