Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.41(5) > 1002750

Park, Shin, Han, Kang, Cheon, and Shin: Depression Status of Academic High School Students in Seoul: Mediating Role of Entrapment



Purpose of this study was to investigate the status of depression in academic high school students and path analysis model for exploring the mediating role of entrapment to depression in relation to academic stress and perceived social support.


Measurements were four reliable questionnaires measuring academic stress, social support, entrapment, and depression. Data were collected from students in 17 high schools in Seoul.


Students (n=5,346) completing the questionnaires indicated depression & entrapment from academic stress. Depression was more prevalent in girls, those whose parents' household income was less than two million won, who did not live with father or mother or both due to divorce, separation, or death, and those who smoked or used alcohol. Entrapment was more prevalent in students similar to cases of depression and in seniors. According to the proposed path model, 48.6% of depression was explained by academic stress, social support, and entrapment. The indirect effect of entrapment as a mediator between academic stress and depression was verified and larger than the direct effect of academic stress on depression.


Considering levels of depression and entrapment demonstrated by these students, better mental health programs with diverse strategies should be developed for their psychological well-being.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Path diagram explaining mediating effect of entrapment. A=Total students; B=Boys; C=Girls.
Table 1
Demographic Characteristics and Health-Risk Behaviors of the Students (N=5,346)
Table 2
Means of Research Variables for the Students
Table 3
Research Variables according to Demographic Characteristics and Health-Risk Behaviors of the Students (N=5,346)

Different superscripts mean significant differences by Tukey's multiple comparison test.

Table 4
Mediating Effect of Entrapment: Standardized Direct, Indirect, and Total Effects and SMC in Depression Path Model

*SMC=Squared multiple correlation.


This study was funded by the Management Center for Health Promotion in Korea (R 0600181).


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