Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.40(6) > 1002680

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2010 Dec;40(6):872-881. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2010.
Copyright © 2010 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Evaluation of the Korean Formal Educational Program for Training Care Workers for Frail Elderly
Yeo-Jin Yi,1 Hyun-Sook Kang,2 Sung-Bok Kwon,3 Joo-Hyun Kim,4 Young-Sook Park,5 Haeng-Mi Son,6 Eun-Hee Lee,7 Nan-Young Lim,8 Kyung-Sook Cho,9 and Hye-Ja Han10
1Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Korea.
2Professor, College of Nursing Science, Kyunghee University, Seoul, Korea.
3Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, Naju, Korea.
4Professor, Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea.
5Professor, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
6Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea.
7Professor, Department of Nursing, Kangnung National University, Wonju, Korea.
8Professor, Department of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
9Professor, Department of Nursing, Kyungwon University, Seongnam, Korea.
10Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Shinsung University, Dangjin, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Han, Hye-Ja. Department of Nursing, Shinsung University, 1 Daehang-no, Jeongmi-myeon, Dangjin 343-861, Korea. Tel: 82-41-350-1344, Fax: 82-41-350-1345, Email:
Received February 09, 2010; Accepted December 28, 2010.



This study was done to evaluate the formal education program provided by the Korean government for care workers for frail elderly people.


This study was a cross-sectional survey in which 438 certified care workers who had completed the education program participated. Data were collected from June to October 2009, using a self-report questionnaire consisting of satisfaction with, and understanding of the education program.


The participants had a mean age of 46.7 yr, 87.9% were female and 58.2% were high school graduates. For the theory part of the education, the highest score for understanding was for 'supporting household & activities of daily living' while the lowest score for understanding was for 'care for death and dying'. For the practical education, the highest score for understanding was for 'talking with the client' and the lowest score was for 'first aid & basic life support'. There was a significant difference in satisfaction and understanding of the theoretical and practical parts according to educational level.


Continuing education programs are needed for care workers for elders, both in the theoretical and practical areas. Also the content of programs should address the weak points of this formal education program.

Keywords: Care worker; Frail elderly; Education


Table 1
Characteristics of Participants and Satisfaction with the Education Program for Care Workers (N=438)
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Table 2
Degree of Understanding of the Theoretical Education in the Education Program for Care Workers (N=438)
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Table 3
Degree of Understanding of the Practical Education in the Education Program for Care Workers (N=438)
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Table 4
Differences in Satisfaction with and Understanding of the Education Program for Care Workers by Demographic Characteristics (N=438)
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Table 5
Benefits and Limitations of the Education Program for Care Workers
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