Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.39(1) > 1002575

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009 Feb;39(1):72-83. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2009.
Copyright © 2009 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Depressive Symptoms and Related Risk Factors in Old and Oldest-old Elderly People with Arthritis
Ji-Yeon An,1 and Young-Ran Tak2
1Part-time Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: An, Ji-Yeon. Department of Nursing, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, Korea. Tel: 82-2-2220-0700, Fax: 82-2-2295-2074, Email:
Received October 30, 2008; Accepted January 19, 2009.



This study was to investigate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and risk factors in elderly people (old vs oldest-old) with arthritis.


The Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) was used with a sample of 1,084 elderly people with arthritis aged 65 or above.


We found that the prevalence of depressive symptom was greater for oldest-old people (66.7%) compared to old people (56%). Significant differences between old people and oldest-old people were found for education, living with spouse, number of generation, regular exercise, body mass index (BMI), ADL limitation, self-rated health, and depression. Significant differences existed between depression and non-depression in terms of all variables except region and BMI among old people. But, among the oldest people, ADL limitation and self-rated health showed differences. The Logistic regression analysis revealed that religion, medical comorbidity, ADL limitation, self-rated health were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in old people. But, in oldest-old people, none of the variables were associated with depressive symptoms.


The findings show that there are age differences in depression and related factors in elderly people with arthritis. Longitudinal studies, which covered depressive symptom severity and which are controlled for a large number of potential confounders, will need to complement the results of this study in the future.

Keywords: Depression; Elderly; Arthritis


Table 1
Characteristics of Respondents by Age Group (N=1,084)
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Table 2
Bivariate Analysis of Respondents by Depression
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Table 3
Risk Factors of Depression: Logistic Regression Results
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